The timing for both bold buyers and smart sellers seems so well-aligned at this moment that it is utterly understandable for the M&A fever to be catching across geographies, cuisines, categories, and ownership types — and burning white-hot from foodservice tech startups and corporate venture capital initiatives to budding emerging brands and even the consolidation of mature and distressed brands around the world. With the combination of $2.5 trillion in dry powder (across industries, globally), limited inventory to sell, like the commercial freezer for sale
that we have, and still historically low interest rates (to finance transactions), restaurant valuations have climbed to record heights.
There’s Plenty of Capital to Put Behind Foodservice Companies
The timing to take advantage of this sellers’ market is ideal for many companies with the right strategic plans and the right representation. Having the right team in your corner can save time, avoid distractions, help accentuate the best attributes of your business, expand your network and connections, and add a level of professionalism (serving as a spokesperson and advocate representing your interests), ultimately maximizing your value. Here are five reasons why now may be a good time to consider a sale:
1. You Can Benefit from High Valuations
The average EV/Sales multiple reached 1.3x in the U.S. last year — 40% higher than three years ago. Strategic transactions are also doing their part in crowding-out financial deals (the share of strategic transactions has climbed by ten percentage points in the last ten years) and driving multiples up.
International valuations can reach even higher multiples.
- In the Middle East, the median EV/Sales multiple for Consumer Cyclicals (which includes foodservice companies) reaches a median of 4.2x EV/Sales (3.8x as high as in the U.S.)
- Canadian Keg Royalties Income Fund and Boston Pizza Royalties Income Fund reach EV/Sales multiples of higher than 6x
- In India, Jubilant Foodworks — which owns the rights to operate Domino’s in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Nepal, and Dunkin’ in India — reaches an EV/Sales multiple of 6.4x
Premiums are high especially when dealing with foodservice companies with high-growth prospects, that command large market shares and that can be leveraged as platforms.
2. Low Cost of Capital Makes it More Plentiful
Interest rates are still at historical lows, allowing for higher IRRs in leveraged buy-outs.
- Reference interest rates (i.e. 1-year U.S. treasury bills) are well below their historical averages
- Restaurant companies finance 70% of assets with debt (as a median, among U.S. publicly traded companies and OTC stocks)
- The foodservice industry is paying below-median interest rates when compared to other industries (4.26% vs a median of 4.75% across industries for 2019)
3. Largest Amount of Dry Powder in History Means Investors are Thirsty for Deals and Finding them Hard to Come By
At the end of 2019, the amount of capital available for private equity fund managers to put to use (known as dry powder) surpassed the $2.5 trillion
(yes, that’s trillion with a “T”) mark. This is the highest amount of investment capital available in history. And foodservice companies are increasingly becoming a target.
4. Legacy Chains Need Growth Vehicles, and Are Willing to Pay for Them
The size and scale of large chains was once considered part of their strategic advantage. Now, it can include investment risks derived from disruption — and its unapologetic cousins — howling at the castle gates and beating down the doors of incumbent kings and queens. Additionally, established chains are facing saturation and slow growth in their home markets. Acquisitions of “growth vehicles” (whether new and upcoming concepts in faster-growing segments or technology to foster existing or new revenue centers) can help to supercharge growth, in particular.
Some examples of legacy chains making these types of acquisitions include:
- McDonald’s tech acquisitions in 2019 (Dynamic Yield, Aprente, and investment in app developer Plexure) are expected to foster growth of out-of-premises consumption as well as improve the customer experience
- The Cheesecake Factory acquired the incubator Fox Restaurants and casual-dining North Italia
- Inspire Brands acquisition of Jimmy John’s adding almost 20% in revenue
5. International Investors Are Looking to Create a Beachhead Abroad; Wider Buyer Base Benefits Sellers
Cross-border transactions are intensifying. The bulk of all foodservice industry growth over the next five years will come from international markets, and the significant share of top growth brands derive an increasing percentage of revenue from outside their home markets. On the other hand, more foreign buyers are coming in as well. A clear example is Jolibee buying Smashburger. This is a way to get immediate access to infrastructure, talent/people, and regionalized know-how. It’s often more difficult to take a U.S. or foreign brand and plant it in a new market from scratch with a single unit. Recognizing where the growth potential is highest and what markets are best suited for each brand is key for investors and operators alike.
How Capital Redeployment Schedules Can Maximize Your Value
Private equity firms have investment cycles of 3-10 years after which divestiture/exit allows them to realize the bulk of returns. Given PE capital deployment peaking six years ago (Middle Market restaurant deals in the U.S. reached a peak of more than $4 billion in 2014), a large number of investments are reaching the end of their cycle and exit and redeployment of capital is to follow.
The World’s Top-Paid People Employ an Emissary
Celebrities, professional athletes, and the like still hire coaches and agents. You don’t hire an agent to represent your interests just when you need to build demand; you hire them when you want to maximize your value and minimize your time dealing with distractions that can be outsourced. Our firm has been approached by between $6-7b in buy-side interest earmarked specifically for foodservice investments (focusing mainly on chained operators with $5m+ in EBITDA and foodservice technology providers). If that sounds like you, let us know
About Aaron Allen & Associates Aaron Allen & Associates
is a global strategy firm focused exclusively on the foodservice and hospitality industry. We work alongside senior executives of the world’s leading restaurant companies to help identify, size, and seize opportunities to drive growth, optimize performance, and enhance enterprise value. Our clients span six continents and 100+ countries, collectively posting more than $200b in revenue. Across 2,000+ engagements, we’ve worked in nearly every geography, category, cuisine, segment, operating model, ownership type, and phase of the business lifecycle.